Introduction to the Administrative Prosecution Authority (APA):

Corruption is a broad term covering a wide range of misuse of entrusted funds and power; theft, fraud, nepotism, abuse of power...etc., it impacts societies in a multitude of ways and it is one of the greatest factors hindering development as it reduces government’s income and creates inequalities in distribution of income and wealth; and from here it was incumbent for different ruling systems to found an authority to fight and contend against corruption.

Due to escalation of corruption in the Egyptian state where the presence of an authority responsible for fighting and eliminating corruption, protecting public funds from tampering and handling supervision over civil employees when implementing the law in a way that ensures achievement of the common good through adjusting the performance of the state administration has become an imperative must consequently the Administrative Prosecution Authority was established by law no.480 issued on 1953.

The Administrative Prosecution is the only judicial authority authorized to investigate disciplinary contraventions, filing and directing disciplinary lawsuits before the courts of State Council and filing appeals on its judgments before the Supreme Administrative Court after reviewing those judgements to assure their validity, Where it conducts its judicial duties on behalf of the community as the Public Prosecution represents the community in criminal violations accordingly the law assured its independence from all Ministries and Public bodies to guarantee the impartiality of its members from the influence of senior public officials in a way that assures the rights of public employees under investigation besides the characteristics of Prosecution’s

 members in fighting corruption as:
1- Members of APA enjoy impartiality and independence from all administrative bodies in a way that guarantees the employees’ right in a fair investigation as its conducted by a judicial authority
2- While conducting an investigation, members of APA are authorized to call witnesses to hear their statements, examining and collecting evidence and forming committees.

3- APA does not only determine the accountability of accused officials regarding disciplinary violations but it also aims to create practical means and solutions to eliminate corruption.